MRI/MRS in treated Alzheimer mice

Differential effects of apoE and apoJ mimetic peptides on the action of an anti-Aβ scFv in 3xTg-AD mice” by L. Montoliu-Gaya, J. Güell-Bosch, G. Esquerda-Canals, A.R. Roda, G. Serra-Mir, S. Lope-Piedrafita, J.L. Sánchez-Quesada, S. Villegas. Biochem Pharmacol. 2018, 155:380-392. DOI: 10.1016/j.bcp.2018.07.012.

Anti-Aβ immunotherapy has emerged as a promising approach to treat Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The single-chain variable fragment scFv-h3D6 is an anti-Aβ antibody fragment that lacks the Fc region, which is associated with the induction of microglial reactivity by the full-length monoclonal antibody bapineuzumab. ScFv-h3D6 was previously shown to restore the levels of apolipoprotein E (apoE) and apolipoprotein J (apoJ) in a tripletransgenic- AD (3xTg-AD) mouse model. Since apoE and apoJ play an important role in the development of AD, we aimed to study the in vivo effect of the combined therapy of scFv-h3D6 with apoE and apoJ mimetic peptides (MPs).

Magnetic Resonance Imaging showed a general tendency of the different treatments to protect against the reduction in brain volume. This protection was further suggested by MRS, since all the treatments tended to recover the levels of Ala, which is involved in the alanine-glucose cycle, and NAA, which is a marker for cell viability. All the treatments in the present work recovered the IL-33 levels, and apoE-MP showed a potent anti-inflammatory effect in terms of glial activation that was decreased in the presence of scFv-h3D6, whereas the combination of apoJ-MP and scFvh3D6 was not detrimental. Moreover, the endogenous apoE and apoJ levels were decreased by scFvh3D6, but the MPs induced a simultaneous increase in both apolipoproteins, which reflects a coordinated expression between them.

Exopolysaccharides from olive brines could reduce the adhesion of ETEC K88 to intestinal epithelial cells

“Exopolysaccharides from olive brines could reduce the adhesion of ETEC K88 to intestinal epithelial cells”  by Y. Zhu, G. Gonzalez-Ortiz, R. Jiménez-Díaz, M. Pérez-Trujillo, T. Parella, P. Lopez-Colom, SM Martín-Orúe. Food & function, 2018, 9, 3884-3894. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/c8fo00690c

This study aims to explore the biological functions of the isolated exopolysaccharides (EPSs) produced during the industrial fermentation of olives against enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) K88. Exopolysaccharides were isolated from five industrial fermenters. Analysis of their monosaccharide composition by GLC revealed that the main components were glucose (27%–50%) and galactose (23%–33%) followed by rhamnose (4–23%) and arabinose (6–17%). The 1H NMR spectrum showed a very similar profile between samples, and a more in-depth analysis revealed the presence of an α-pyranose in the form of α-D-Glcp-(1→) and two different α-furanoses, with chemicals shift values, suggesting the presence of α-D-Glcf and α-D-Galf. Miniaturized in vitro tests demonstrated the ability of EPS samples to attach specifically to ETEC K88 (P < 0.05) with variable intensities. The competition test did not show the ability to block the ETEC K88 adhesion to IPEC-J2 cells; however, in the displacement test, all EPS samples were shown to effectively remove the pathogens attached to the cells (P < 0.01). These results suggest that the EPSs produced during the fermentation of table green olives could interfere with the attachment of opportunistic pathogens onto the intestinal epithelial cells. This would open the possibility of novel functional properties for this traditional Mediterranean fermented food and for the isolated EPSs as candidates for nutraceutics to be used in human and/or animal diets in the prevention and treatment of ETEC diarrhoea.

Solid State NMR supports a new study on hydride composite for hydrogen storage

A hydride composite featuring mutual destabilisation and reversible boron exchange: Ca(BH4)2–Mg2NiH4

N. Bergemann, C. Pistidda, C. Milanese, M. Aramini, S. Huotari, P. Nolis, A. Santoru, M. R. Chierotti, A.-L. Chaudhary, M. D. Baro, T. Klassen and M. Dornheim.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C8TA04748K

ABSTRACT:The system Ca(BH4)2–Mg2NiH4 is used as a model to prove the unique possibility to fully reverse the borohydride decomposition process even in cases where the decomposition reaction leads to undesired stable boron containing species (boron sinks). The formation of MgNi2.5B2 directly from Ca(BH4)2 or from CaB12H12 and amorphous boron allows an unexpectedly easy transfer of the boron atoms to reversibly form Ca(BH4)2 during rehydrogenation. In addition, to the best of our knowledge, the mutual destabilisation of the starting reactants is observed for the first time in Ca(BH4)2 based Reactive Hydride Composite (RHC) systems. A detailed account of dehydrogenation and rehydrogenation reaction mechanisms as the function of applied experimental conditions is given.

  

PhD Thesis: Development of Resolution-Enhanced NMR Techniques for Improved Small Molecules Structural Analysis

Last July 14th 2018 Núria Marcó defended her PhD Thesis entitled: Development of Resolution-Enhanced NMR Techniques for Improved Small Molecules Structural Analysis

 

The present doctoral thesis is framed within the field of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy.

NMR spectroscopy is an analytic technique and, therefore, one of its main objectives is to unravel the correct structure of the molecules analyzed.This present doctoral thesis  is focused on this main objective. This work consists in a compendium of 7 publications, written in several prestigious scientific journals, that develop in depth the efficient and accurate determination of the constitution, configuration and conformation of small molecules thanks to the application of resolution improvements techniques.

In order to do that it is studied the accurate and efficient measurement of isotropic (homo- and heteronuclear scalar coupling constants) for the 2D structre determination, as well as the anisotropic parameters (RDCs, RCSAs and RQCs) for the 3D structure analysis. These anisotropic parameters allows us the discrimination of the different conformers of a molecule and can be found in weakly alignment media. PMMA gel provides an easy, reusable, and practical way to obtain this weakly alignment media. In this work, It has been researched the best way to get these anisotropic parameters, developing and adapting new pulse sequences to this type of media.

To get the correct structure (2D and 3D) it is important to obtain a precise and accurate measurement. In this thesis the great accuracy of isotropic and anisotropic parameters has been achieved through the use of resolution improvement techniques such as Pure-Shift, Spectral Aliasing and Non Uniform Sampling.

In addition it has been applied protocols for the easy automatization and measurement of coupling constants in isotropic and anisotropic media.

Also it has been design improved pulse sequences to achieve the measurement of longer- range heteronuclear connectivities that will  increase the amount of information that we will have available to do the structural analysis

Each experiment has been discussed from a methodological point of view. An assessment on its application has been also performed.

Pulse Programs and Data Set Examples:

Publication 1:
Extending long-range heteronuclear NMR connectivities by HSQMBC-COSY and HSQMBC-TOCSY experiments Saurí, J.; Marcó, N.; Williamson, R. T.; Martin, G. E.; Parella, T. J. Magn. Reson. 2015, 258, 25–32.
DOI 10.1016/j.jmr.2015.06.004

Pulse Program Code for Bruker:

Data set Example:

 

Publication 2:
Ultra high-resolution HSQC: Application to the efficient and accurate measurement of heteronuclear coupling constants  Marcó, N.; Fredi, A.; Parella, T. Chem. Commun. 2015, 51 (15), 3262–3265.
DOI 10.1039/C4CC10279G

Pulse Program Code for Bruker:

Data set Example:

 

Publication 3:
Isotropic/Anisotropic NMR Editing by Resolution-Enhanced NMR Spectroscopy Marcó, N.; Gil, R. R.; Parella, T. ChemPhysChem 2018, 19, 9, 1024-1029.
DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201800094

Pulse Programs Code for Bruker:

 

Publication 4:
Structural discrimination from in situ measurement of 1DCH and 2DHH residual dipolar coupling constants Marcó, N.; Gil, R. R.; Parella, T. Magn. Reson. Chem. 2017, 55 (6), 540–545.
DOI 10.1002/mrc.4575

Pulse Programs Code for Bruker:

Data set Example:

 

Publication 5:
Perfect 1JCH-resolved HSQC: Efficient measurement of one-bond proton-carbon coupling constants along the indirect dimension Marcó, N.; Souza, A. A.; Nolis, P.; Gil, R. R.; Parella, T. J. Magn. Reson. 2017, 276, 37–42.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmr.2017.01.002

Pulse Programs Code for Bruker:

Data set Example:

 

Publication 6:
1JCH NMR Profile: Identification of key structural features and functionalities by visual observation and direct measurement of one-bond proton-carbon coupling constants Marcó, N.; Souza, A. A.; Nolis, P.; Cobas, C.; Gil, R. R.; Parella, T. J. Org. Chem. 2017, 82 (4), 2040–2044.
DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.6b02873

Pulse Programs Code for Bruker:

 

Publication 7:
2JHH-resolved HSQC: Exclusive determination of geminal proton-proton coupling constants Marcó, N.; Nolis, P.; Gil, R. R.; Parella, T. J. Magn. Reson. 2017, 282, 18–26.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmr.2017.06.014

Pulse Programs Code for Bruker:

 

Solid-State-NMR a useful tool for the characterization of Hydrogen Storage Composite System

In Situ Formation of TiB2 Nanoparticles for Enhanced Dehydrogenation/Hydrogenation Reaction Kinetics of LiBH4–MgH2 as a Reversible Solid-State Hydrogen Storage Composite System

Fahim Karimi* , María V. C. Riglos, Antonio Santoru , Armin Hoell, Vikram S. Raghuwanshi, Chiara Milanese, Nils Bergemann, Claudio Pistidda, Pau Nolis , Maria D. Baro, Gökhan Gizer, Thi-Thu Le, P. Klaus Pranzas, Martin Dornheim, Thomas Klassen, Andreas Schreyer, and Julián Puszkiel

J. Phys. Chem. C, Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b02258
Publication Date (Web): May 9, 2018
ABSTRACT:To enhance the dehydrogenation/rehydrogenation kinetic behavior of the LiBH4–MgH2 composite system, TiF4 is used as an additive. The effect of this additive on the hydride composite system has been studied by means of laboratory and advanced synchrotron techniques. Investigations on the synthesis and mechanism upon hydrogen interaction show that the addition of TiF4 to the LiBH4–MgH2 composite system during the milling procedure leads to the in situ formation of well-distributed nanosized TiB2 particles. These TiB2 nanoparticles act as nucleation agents for the formation of MgB2 upon dehydrogenation process of the hydride composite system. The effect of TiB2 nanoparticles is maintained upon cycling.

11th Workshop on Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Imaging (MRI/MRS) Applied to Laboratory Animals

Workshop dates: June 25th – 28th, 2018
Registration deadline: June 10th, 2018
Registration:   online
Capacity: Workshop limited to 4 participants (first come, first served)
Contact person: Silvia Lope-Piedrafita, PhD (silvia.lope@uab.es)

This course combines a comprehensive series of lectures on the technology of Magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging (MRS/MRI) with hands-on laboratory sessions to provide practical demonstrations of key concepts and procedures for preclinical studies.

Whether you are considering MRI as a research tool in your lab or just would like to learn more about MRI, this workshop addresses practical aspects of experimental MRI with laboratory animals and provide valuable hands-on experience on a 7 Tesla Bruker BioSpec spectrometer.

See the workshop brochure for more information or contact Dr. Silvia Lope via email.

NEW BOOK RELEASE: “Preclinical MRI methods and protocols”

“Preclinical MRI: Methods and Protocols” by Maria Luisa Garcia Martin and Pilar Lopez Larrubia (Editors). Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1718). DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-7531-0.

This book was conceived with the idea of providing an update on a wide variety of preclinical MRI methods and protocols to help technicians and researchers interested in this technology. The basics of MRI physics are introduced, followed by chapters describing updated methodology and protocols for some standard and more advanced MRI techniques covering diffusion, perfusion, functional imaging, in-vivo spectroscopy (proton and heteronuclear), susceptibility contrast MRI… The book also contains some chapters where some applications of those methods are illustrated in animal models of several diseases including cancer, stroke and neurodegeneration. Protocols are described in a step-by-step approach, with interesting notes and tips at the end of each chapter, which -a priori- should allow the new worker to obtain successful results with the first attempt ;o) .

Recovering energy

As is tradition in Catalonia in February, the group of SeRMN got together to enjoy a Calçotada, eating the typical Calçots (a type of scallion or green onion) well combined with a “Porró” (is a traditional glass wine pitcher).

Simultaneous RCSA and RDC measurement

Isotropic/Anisotropic NMR Editing by Resolution-Enhanced NMR Spectroscopy by Núria Marcó,  R. R. Gil and Teodor Parella. ChemPhysChem 2018, DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201800094

Modern resolution-enhanced NMR techniques can monitor the in-situ discrimination of co-existing isotropic and anisotropic contributions of small molecules dissolved in weakly aligning PMMA/CDCl3 media. The simultaneous sign-sensitive determination of accurate Δδ(1H) and Δδ(13C) between isotropic and anisotropic signals,  and/or  1TCH and 1JCH coupling constants (and consequently 1H-13C RDCs and 1H/13C RCSAs) can be performed from spectral-aliased HSQC spectra.

Pulse Programs Code for Bruker:

Precise characterization of mycobacterial cell wall lipid PTTM

Molecule confirmation and structure characterization of pentatriacontatrienyl mycolate in Mycobacterium smegmatisby M. Llorens-Fons, E. Julián, M. Luquin and M. Pérez-Trujillo. Chemistry and Physics of Lipids, 2018, Accepted Manuscript. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemphyslip.2017.12.006

Mycobacterium smegmatis is often used to study the different components of mycobacterial cell wall. Mycolic acids are important components of mycobacterial cell wall that have been associated with virulence. Recently, a novel lipid containing mycolic acids has been described in M. smegmatis. However, some uncertainties regarding the structure of this molecule named mycolate ester wax have been reported. The objective of this work was to perform an in depth structural study of this molecule for its precise characterization. Using 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, the molecular structure of mycolate ester wax found in M. smegmatis has been elucidated. The characterization was complemented with MS analyses. This molecule is formed by a carbon chain with three methyl substituted olefinic units and a mycolate structure with trans double bonds and cis cyclopropane rings. The present molecular study will facilitate the detection and identification of pentatriacontatrienyl mycolate (PTTM) in future studies by the performance of a simple 1D 1H NMR experiment.