Tag Archives: homonuclear decoupling

PhD Thesis: New Applications of Covariance NMR and Experimental Development for Measurements of Homonuclear Coupling Constants in Overlapping Signals

On 21st March 2018 I sucessfully defended my PhD Thesis entitled: “New Applications of Covariance NMR and Experimental Development for Measurements of Homonuclear Coupling Constants in Overlapping Signals” (ISBN: 9788449079252), supervised by Dr. Teodor Parella and Dr. Pau Nolis, and obtained the degree of Ph.D. in Chemistry at the Department of Chemistry, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.

The thesis can be downloaded in PDF format from the TDX repository and from the TESEO repository.

Accurate measurement of proton homonuclear coupling constants in overlapped signals by using a doubly-selective TOCSY G-SERF experiment.

Abstract

The experimental results obtained in this thesis are presented in the form of three papers published in NMR specialised scientific peer-reviewed journals.

  • Exploring the use of Generalized Indirect Covariance to Reconstruct Pure shift NMR Spectra: Current Pros and Cons. André Fredi, Pau Nolis, Carlos Cobas, Gary E. Martin and Teodor Parella. Journal of Magnetic Resonance, Volume 266, May 2016, Pages 16-22. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmr.2016.03.003
  • Access to experimentally infeasible spectra by pure-shift NMR covariance. André Fredi, Pau Nolis, Carlos Cobas and Teodor Parella. Journal of Magnetic Resonance, Volume 270, September 2016, Pages 161-168. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmr.2016.07.010
  • Accurate measurement of JHH in overlapped signals by a TOCSY‐edited SERF Experiment. André Fredi, Pau Nolis and Teodor Parella. Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry, Volume 55, Issue 6, June 2017, Pages 525-529. DOI: 10.1002/mrc.4572

The first two articles deal with the use of covariance NMR as a general method to generate novel psNMR spectra. The last work describes a new selTOCSY G-SERF experiment, for accurately measuring JHH in overlapped regions.

The first publication describes a novel general protocol to generate psNMR spectra by Covariance NMR. This new approach is unique in NMR spectroscopy; giving a cheap, fast an easy way to reconstruct psNMR spectra without spending time in the spectrometer. This new strategy has been referenced to as psNMR Covariance.

The concept of psNMR Covariance has been extended in the second publication by inserting Multiplicity-Edited (ME) information into 2D experiments that are difficult or even impossible to achieve experimentally. It is shown how the ME information can be efficiently transferred to a set of homonuclear and heteronuclear 2D NMR spectra by Covariance processing, reconstructing new psME spectra in a fast way. Finally, G-SERF and related methods only work for isolated 1H signals on which selective excitation can be successfully applied.

Unfortunately, as it happens in other frequency-selective experiments, this approach fails for overlapped signals. A doubly-selective TOCSY G-SERF scheme is presented in the third publication to circumvent this limitation, by measuring JHH efficiently even for protons resonating in crowded regions.

Access to experimentally infeasible spectra by pure-shift NMR covariance

Access to experimentally infeasible spectra by pure-shift NMR covariance. André Fredi, Pau Nolis, Carlos Cobas and Teodor Parella. Journal of Magnetic Resonance, Volume 270, September 2016, Pages 161-168. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmr.2016.07.010

Abstract: Covariance processing is a versatile processing tool to generate synthetic NMR spectral representations without the need to acquire time-consuming experimental datasets. Here we show that even experimentally prohibited NMR spectra can be reconstructed by introducing key features of a reference 1D CHn-edited spectrum into standard 2D spectra. This general procedure is illustrated with the calculation of experimentally infeasible multiplicity-edited pure-shift NMR spectra of some very popular homonuclear (ME-psCOSY and ME-psTOCSY) and heteronuclear (ME-psHSQC-TOCSY and ME-psHMBC) experiments.

Continue reading Access to experimentally infeasible spectra by pure-shift NMR covariance

André Fredi’s oral presentation at 8th GERMN / 5th Iberian NMR Meeting

André Fredi made an oral presentation at the 8th GERMN / 5th Iberian NMR Meeting (GERMN 2016) held in Valencia, Spain from 27th to 29th June 2016.

In his presentation, that was titled  Exploring the use of Generalized Indirect Covariance to reconstruct Pure Shift NMR spectra: Current Pros and Cons”, André explained how to make pure spectra shift from Generalized Indirect IMG-20160628-WA0028Covariance processing (psGIC). This new method is basically a new way to get “synthetic” pure shift spectra without the need to purchase a pure shift spectrum in the spectrometer and without the penalties that pure-shift experiments cause.

André has been working as a Ph.D. candidate at the Department of Chemistry and SeRMN under the direction of Dr. Teodor Parella and Dr. Pau Nolis since November 2014, when he enrolled in the Department of Chemistry doctoral program at Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona with a fellowship from CNPq-Brazil. He is currently in his second year and expects to defend the doctoral thesis on 2017/2018.

 

Exploring the use of Generalized Indirect Covariance to Reconstruct Pure shift NMR Spectra: Current Pros and Cons.

JMR

Title: Exploring the use of Generalized Indirect Covariance to Reconstruct Pure shift NMR Spectra: Current Pros and Cons.
Authors: André Fredi, Pau Nolis, Carlos Cobas, Gary E. Martin and Teodor Parella.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmr.2016.03.003

ABSTRACT: The current pros and cons of a processing protocol to generate pure chemical shift NMR spectra using Generalized Indirect Covariance are presented and discussed. The transformation of any standard 2D homonuclear and heteronuclear spectrum to its pure shift counterpart by using a reference DIAG spectrum is described. Continue reading Exploring the use of Generalized Indirect Covariance to Reconstruct Pure shift NMR Spectra: Current Pros and Cons.

PhD Thesis: Development and application of modern pure shift NMR techniques and improved HSQC and HSQMBC experiments

Last 16st July 2015 I defended my PhD Thesis entitled: Development and application of modern pure shift NMR techniques and improved HSQC/HSQMBC experiments.

Presentación1

The present doctoral thesis is framed within the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy field, more specifically in the design of modern NMR methodologies. The research work carried out is focused on the design and application of new and modern NMR methodologies (i) to perform efficient broadband 1H homodecoupling in 1D/2D NMR experiments and (ii) to accurately determine homo- and heteronuclear coupling constants in isotropic and anisotropic conditions through improved HSQC and HSQMBC-type experiments. The thesis is presented as a compendium ten (10) publications that have been published in several peer-reviewed international scientific journals as original research papers. Continue reading PhD Thesis: Development and application of modern pure shift NMR techniques and improved HSQC and HSQMBC experiments

Ultra-high-resolved NMR: Analysis of complex mixtures of compounds with near-identical 1H and 13C NMR spectra

Title: cover7Disentangling complex mixtures of compounds with near-identical 1H and 13C NMR spectra using pure shift NMR.
Authors: L. Castañar, R. Roldán, P. Clapés, A. Virgili and T. Parella.
Reference: Chem. Eur. J., 2015, 21, 7682-7685.
DOI: 10.1002/chem.201500521

 

Abstract: The thorough analysis of highly complex NMR spectra using pure shift NMR experiments is  described. The enhanced spectral resolution obtained from modern 2D HOBS experiments incorporating spectral aliasing in the 13C indirect dimension enables the distinction of similar compounds exhibiting near-identical 1H and 13C NMR spectra. It is shown that a complete set of extremely small Δδ(1H) and Δδ(13C) values, even below the natural line width (1 and 5 ppb, respectively), can be simultaneously determined and assigned.

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References:

 

Pulse Programs Code for Bruker:

Data set Example:

 

PhD Thesis by Laura Castañar: Pulse Programs and Data Set Examples

Development and application of modern pure shift NMR techniques and improved HSQC/HSQMBC experiments

Presentación1

In the following links one can find Data Set Examples of each Publication presented in the Thesis Work, as well as the corresponding Pulse Program Code for Bruker. All 2D spectra have been previously phased and 2ii, 2ir, and 2ri files removed, otherwise data sets would be too big. Continue reading PhD Thesis by Laura Castañar: Pulse Programs and Data Set Examples

Laura Castañar receives award at ENC 2015

Laura CastañarAward to Laura Castañar at the 56th ENC held in Asilomar from 19th to 24th April 2015. was honoured at the 56th Experimental Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Conference (ENC) with the Ritchey Travel Award for her Ph.D. Thesis research on “Development and application of modern pure shift NMR techniques and improved HSQC/HSQMBC experiments”The award ceremony took place at the After-Dinner Program in Asilomar Conference Center in Pacific Grove, California, USA, the 23th April, 2015.
Continue reading Laura Castañar receives award at ENC 2015

Review – Pure shift NMR experiments: recent developments, methods and applications

MRC_teo copy“Broadband 1H homodecoupled NMR experiments: recent developments, methods and applications” by Laura Castañar and Teodor Parella. Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry, 2015. DOI: 10.1002/mrc.4238

In recent years, a great interest in the development of new broadband 1H homonuclear decoupled techniques providing simplified JHH multiplet patterns has emerged again in the field of small molecule NMR. The resulting highly resolved 1H NMR spectra display resonances as collapsed singlets, therefore minimizing signal overlap and expediting spectral analysis. This review aims at presenting the most recent advances in pure shift NMR spectroscopy, with a particular emphasis to the Zangger–Sterk experiment. Continue reading Review – Pure shift NMR experiments: recent developments, methods and applications

Automation in 1JCH measurements from Pure Shift NMR experiments

SeRMN seminar

  • Date: Thursday 27th November, 2014
  • Hour: 12 am
  • Location:  SeRMN,  Facultats de Ciències i Biociències, C2/-135
  • Speaker:  Dr. Pau Nolis, SeRMN

A preliminary version of an applet that performs the authomatic measurement of 1J(CH) couplings from homodecoupled iINEPT-Jres HSQC experiment will be presented. Continue reading Automation in 1JCH measurements from Pure Shift NMR experiments