Tag Archives: metabolomics

In vivo MRS and ex vivo HRMAS in an Ischemic Rat Stroke Model

JCBMcover“In vivo and ex vivo Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of the Infarct and the Subventricular Zone in Experimental Stroke” by E. Jiménez-Xarrié, M. Davila, S. Gil-Perotín, A. Jurado-Rodríguez, A.P. Candiota, R. Delgado-Mederos, S. Lope-Piedrafita, J.M. García-Verdugo, C. Arús, J. Martí-Fàbregas. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism, 2015, 35:828–834. DOI: 10.1038/jcbfm.2014.257

Ischemic stroke changes the metabolic pattern in the infarct area and also in other regions such as the ipsilateral subventricular zone (SVZi) where neural progenitor cells (NPCs) proliferation is enhanced in the mammalian and human brains. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) provides metabolic information in vivo. With regard to NPCs proliferation, a resonance at 1.28 ppm has been described as an in vivo MRS biomarker of NPCs in the hippocampus of rats and humans. Continue reading In vivo MRS and ex vivo HRMAS in an Ischemic Rat Stroke Model

Hyperpolarized 13C Magnetic Resonance in Acute Liver Failure Rats

2014_coverNMinBiomedReal-time assessment of 13C metabolism  reveals an early lactate increase in the brain of rats with acute liver failure” by Laia Chavarria, Jordi Romero-Giménez, Eva Monteagudo, Silvia Lope-Piedrafita, Juan Cordoba. NMR in Biomedicine (2014) 28:17-23. DOI: 10.1002/nbm.3226

Intracranial hypertension is a severe complication of acute liver failure (ALF) secondary to brain edema. The pathogenesis of cerebral edema in ALF is not clear, but seems to be related to energy metabolism in which lactate may have an important role. The aim of this study was to follow the synthesis of brain lactate using a novel in vivo metabolic technology in a rat model of ALF. Continue reading Hyperpolarized 13C Magnetic Resonance in Acute Liver Failure Rats

Opposite metabolic responses of shoots and roots to drought

scireports Opposite metabolic responses of shoots and roots to drought by Albert Gargallo-Garriga, Jordi Sardans, Míriam Pérez-Trujillo, Albert Rivas-Ubach, Michal Oravec, Teodor Parella and Josep Peñuelas. Scientific reports 4, Article number: 6829, October 2014. DOI: 10.1038/srep06829

Shoots and roots are autotrophic and heterotrophic organs of plants with different physiological functions. Do they have different metabolomes? Do their metabolisms respond differently to environmental changes such as drought? We used metabolomics and elemental analyses to answer these questions. Continue reading Opposite metabolic responses of shoots and roots to drought

Drought enhances folivory by shifting foliar metabolomes in Quercus ilex trees

“Drought enhances folivory by shifting foliar metabolomes in Quercus ilex trees”

Albert Rivas-Ubach, Albert Gargallo-Garriga, Jordi Sardans, Michal Oravec, Laia Mateu Castell, Míriam Pérez-Trujillo,Teodor Parella, Romà Ogaya, Otmar Urban and Josep Peñuelas. January 2014. New Phytologist DOI: 10.1111/nph.12687

Plants respond to external environmental conditions such as drought or to the seasonal changes by shifting the foliar C:N:P:K stoichiometry and metabolome. Continue reading Drought enhances folivory by shifting foliar metabolomes in Quercus ilex trees

Enantiodifferentiation through 13C NMR Spectroscopy and CSAs

 13ac10887(85)13C NMR spectroscopy for the differentiation of enantiomers using chiral solvating agents” Míriam Pérez-Trujillo, Eva Monteagudo and Teodor Parella. Analytical Chemistry, 2013, 85 (22), pp 10887–10894. DOI: 10.1021/ac402580j

The utility of 13C NMR spectroscopy for the differentiation of enantiomers using chiral solvating agents (CSA) is stated. Three examples involving the enantiodifferentiation of a drug, a metabolite and a reactant in aqueous and organic solutions have been chosen to show it. Continue reading Enantiodifferentiation through 13C NMR Spectroscopy and CSAs

Metabolic responses of Quercus ilex seedlings to wounding analysed with nuclear magnetic resonance profiling

Plant Biology“Metabolomic responses of Quercus ilex seedlings to wounding simulating herbivory” By Jordi Sardans, Albert Gargallo-Garriga, Míriam Pérez-Trujillo, Teodor Parella, Roger Seco, Iolanda Filella, Josep  Peñuelas. Plant biology. April 2013. DOI: 10.1111/plb.12032.

Plants defense themselves against herbivory at several levels. One of these levels is the synthesis of inducible chemical defenses. By using NMR metabolomic technique we studied the metabolic changes of plant leaves after a wounding treatment simulating herbivore attack in the Mediterranean sclerophyllous tree Quercus ilex. Continue reading Metabolic responses of Quercus ilex seedlings to wounding analysed with nuclear magnetic resonance profiling

NMR-based Protocol for Ecometabolomics

13MEE“Ecometabolomics: Optimized NMR-based method” by Albert Rivas-Ubach, Miriam Pérez-Trujillo, Jordi Sardans, Albert Gargallo-Garriga, Teodor Parella, Josep Peñuelas. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, February 2013. DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.12028

Metabolomics is allowing great advances in biological sciences and in particular Ecometabolomics (metabolomic approach for ecological studies). Ecometabolomics is a powerful tool that allows identifying changes in the metabolome of individuals of the same species associated to environmental changes, detecting and identifying biological markers. Continue reading NMR-based Protocol for Ecometabolomics

Brain magnetic resonance in liver failure

“Brain magnetic resonance in experimental acute-on-chronic liver failure” by L. Chavarria, M. Oria, J. Romero-Giménez, J. Alonso, S. Lope-Piedrafita, and J. Cordoba.
Liver International 33 (2013) 294-300. DOI: 10.1111/liv.12032

Liver failure causes brain edema that can lead to intracranial hypertension and death. It is currently uncertain whether this water accumulation is predominantly intracellular or extracellular, something important to determine in order to apply the most adequate therapeutic measures. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms involved in the neurological manifestations occurring in an experimental acute-on-chronic liver failure rat model that combines sustained liver injury with a factor inducing an inflammatory response.

Continue reading Brain magnetic resonance in liver failure

Metabolic profiling for the detection of early effects of environmental and lifestyle exposure to cadmium.

“Metabolic Profiling Detects Early Effects of Environmental and Lifestyle Exposure to Cadmium in a Human Population” JK Ellis, TJ Athersuch, LDK Thomas, F Teichert, M Pérez-Trujillo, C Svendsen, D J. Spurgeon, R Singh, L Järup, JG Bundy and HC Keun.  BMC Medicine, February 2012.  DOI: 10.1186/1741-7015-10-61

The ‘exposome’ represents the accumulation of all environmental exposures across a lifetime. Top-down strategies are required to assess something this comprehensive, and could transform our understanding of how environmental factors affect human health. Metabolic profiling (metabonomics / metabolomics)  defines an individual’s metabolic phenotype, which is influenced by genotype, diet, lifestyle, health and xenobiotic exposure, and could also reveal intermediate biomarkers for disease risk that reflect adaptive response to exposure. Continue reading Metabolic profiling for the detection of early effects of environmental and lifestyle exposure to cadmium.

Presentations to the Ibero-American NMR & GERMN Bienal & Iberian NMR joint meeting

Next week several SeRMN members will present our research work at the IV Ibero-American NMR – VI GERMN Bienal – III Iberian NMR joint meeting that will take place in Aveiro (Portugal) from 25th to 28th September. Find below a summary of our contributions.

Continue reading Presentations to the Ibero-American NMR & GERMN Bienal & Iberian NMR joint meeting